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15 mars 2015 : Journée nationale de protestation contre Dilma Rousseff – Manifestations monstres dans 16 villes pour demander l’impeachment de la Présidente

Le 15 mars 2015 est la Journée nationale de protestation contre Dilma Rousseff au Brésil, et en particulier pour demander son impeachment, c’est à dire la mise en place de la procédure permettant au pouvoir législatif de destituer le Présidente du Brésil, suite au scandale provoqué par les marchés truqués de l’entreprise d’Etat Petrobras (le « Petrolao ») et aux pots de vin ayant été versés au PT (Parti des Travailleurs au pouvoir, avec Lula d’abord puis Dilma maintenant) et ses alliés.

Nous vous présentons ici les principaux slogans de cette journée et les premières photos des manifestations dans les 16 plus grandes villes du Brésil qui rassemblents des centaines de milliers des personnes : Sao Paulo (1.000.000 de manifestants à 16 heures selon la Police Militaire), Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, Salvador de Bahia, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Ribeirao Preto, Belem, Recife, Manaus, Porto Alegre …

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Protesto Brasil Dilma - RJ

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Manifestantes erguem faixas, cartazes e bandeiras durante protesto contra o governo Dilma na Avenida Paulista, região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT) na Av. Paulista, região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT) na Av. Paulista, região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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Manifestantes pedem o impeachment da presidente Dilma Rousseff na Avenida Paulista, região central de São Paulo

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Protesto 'Não vamos desistir do Brasil' contra o PT e pelo impeachment da presidente Dilma Rousseff, organizado pelo Movimento Brasil Livre e pelo Revoltados, no Congresso Nacional e no Museu Nacional, em Brasília (DF), neste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo no Rio de Janeiro

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População toma as ruas do Rio de Janeiro durante ato contra o governo

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Manifestantes participam de ato a favor do impeachment da Presidente Dilma Rousseff, no bairro de Copacabana, zona sul do Rio de Janeiro, na manhã deste domingo (15)

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População toma as ruas do Rio de Janeiro durante ato contra o governo

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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 Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma nas ruas do Rio de Janeiro

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Ato contra o governo Dilma na Avenida Paulista, região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma nas ruas do Rio de Janeiro

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Protesto contra o governo Dilma e a corrupção na Petrobras, ocupa a avenida Paulista - 15/03/2015

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Protesto contra o PT e pelo impeachment da presidente Dilma Rousseff, em Belém, PA, neste domingo (15)

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Da janela de suas casas pessoas protestam durante ato contra o governo Dilma no Rio de Janeiro

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Protesto contra o PT e pelo impeachment da presidente Dilma Rousseff na Avenida Eduardo Ribeiro, centro de Manaus, AM, na manhã deste domingo (15)

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Manifestantes pedem o impeachment da presidente Dilma Rousseff na Praça da Liberdade, em Belo Horizonte, MG, neste domingo (15)

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População toma as ruas do Rio de Janeiro durante ato contra o governo

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Manifestantes participam de ato a favor do impeachment da Presidente Dilma Rousseff, no bairro de Copacabana, zona sul do Rio de Janeiro, na manhã deste domingo (15)

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Manifestantes participam de ato a favor do impeachment da Presidente Dilma Rousseff, na praça da Liberdade em Belo Horizonte, neste domingo (15)

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Manifestantes participam de ato a favor do impeachment da Presidente Dilma Rousseff, na praça da Liberdade em Belo Horizonte, neste domingo (15)

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Manifestantes participam de ato a favor do impeachment da Presidente Dilma Rousseff, no bairro de Copacabana, zona sul do Rio de Janeiro, na manhã deste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT) na Esplanada dos Ministérios, em Brasília (DF), neste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT) na av. Paulista, na região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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Ato contra o governo da presidente Dilma Rousseff (PT) na av. Paulista, na região central de São Paulo, neste domingo (15)

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 Le 15 mars 2015 est la Journée nationale de protestation contre Dilma Rousseff au Brésil, et en particulier pour demander son impeachment, c’est à dire la mise en place de la procédure permettant au pouvoir législatif de destituer le Présidente du Brésil, suite au scandale provoqué par les marchés truqués de l’entreprise d’Etat Petrobras (le « Petrolao ») et aux pots de vin ayant été versés au PT (Parti des Travailleurs au pouvoir, avec Lula d’abord puis Dilma maintenant) et ses alliés.

 

 

Publicités

Impeachment pour Dilma Rousseff ?

Suite au scandale Petrobras et aux accusations de corruption portant sur le PT et ses principaux dirigeants, on parle de plus en plus au Brésil d’un procédure d’impeachment contre la Présidente Dilma Rousseff.

Une grande manifestation est prévue dans chaque ville du Brésil le 15 mars prochain pour demander l’impeachment de Dilma.

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C’est chaud de chaud pour Dilma Rousseff et le PT en général

Corruption au Brésil : « Et vous, vous feriez quoi avec 88 milliards ? »

Et vous, vous feriez quoi avec 88 milliards de réaux (ou « reais » en portugais), soit 29 milliards d’euros ? Vous feriez le choix d’acheter 240 jets privés ? De devenir propriétaire de 55 000 Ferrari ? De vous abonner à Netflix durant 416 millions d’années ? D’organiser quatre Coupes du monde ? De financer pendant 3,5 années l’assurance chômage ?
logo corrupcao brasil corruption brésil 11
Autant de projets qui pourraient être réalisés avec les 88 milliards de réaux détournés dans l’affaire Petrobras, la plus grande affaire de corruption jamais connue au Brésil.
Depuis le 28 janvier, les internautes brésiliens ont fait du hashtag #88bilhoes (88 milliards) le sanctuaire d’expression de leur colère et de leur frustration.
Et de lister tout ce qu’ils pourraient acheter avec 88 milliards. Des choses les plus absurdes comme l’achat de 1 142 millions d’appareils auditifs, 22 millions de PS4, 110 millions de smartphones, mais aussi des revendications politiques : 88 milliards permettraient de faire face à la sécheresse qui menace Sao Paulo en construisant trois centrales hydroélectriques.
Le montant détourné représente aussi 1 466 milliards de paniers moyens de la ménagère brésilienne, de quoi éradiquer la faim dans le pays, ou quatre ans de financement de la bolsa familia, le programme mis en place par Lula pour sortir de la misère les plus démunis.
logo corrupcao brasil corruption brésil 10
Un tumblr regroupe toutes les possibilités trouvées sur les différents réseaux sociaux. Pour son créateur :
« C’est un moyen de traiter avec sarcasme la situation. C’est aussi une façon ironique de protester contre le manque de réaction des Brésiliens. En juin 2013, des millions de personnes étaient dans les rues pour 20 centimes d’augmentation du prix des transports publics. Pour 88 milliards d’argent public volés, les réactions se cantonnent aux réseaux sociaux. »
 PBR-x-XLE-2 Cours de Bourse Petrobras
L’AFFAIRE PETROBRAS
L’enquête de la police fédérale, connue sous le nom de « Operação Lava Jato » (Opération Karcher), et commencée en mars 2014, a mis au jour un système de corruption impliquant des entreprises de travaux publics, des cadres de Petrobras (la compagnie pétrolière brésilienne) ainsi que les plus grands partis politiques du pays. Tous sont accusés d’avoir touché pendant des années de l’argent à travers des contrats de concessions pétroliers volontairement gonflés. Lors de l’annonce des résultats du groupe Petrobras, le 28 janvier, le conseil d’administration a évalué l’impact du scandale à 88 milliards de reais.
logo corrupcao brasil corruption brésil 9

5 raisons pour lesquelles Dilma Rousseff pourrait ne pas être réélue

La revue americaine Forbes a diffusé sur son site une liste de 5 raisons pour lesquelles les électeurs brésiliens ne devraient pas réélire la présidente candidate Dilma Rousseff (PT).

1. L’économie brésilienne n’a pas eu la croissance qu’elle aurait pu avoir et aurait du avoir sous le mandat de Dilma Rousseff

2. La plus grande compagnie du Brésil contrôlée par l’État, le géant du pétrole Petrobras, est en situation difficile à cause de Dilma Rousseff

3. L’approche économique de Dilma Rousseff à maintenir l’inflation élevée afin de conserver les emplois est discutable

4. La dette publique du Brésil ne cesse de croître, et le gouvernement ne fait pas d’économie

5. Rousseff n’a pas mis en place les changements nécessaires pour améliorer le niveau de vie des Brésiliens, surtout des plus pauvres.

L’article de Forbes : 5-reasons-why-brazils-president-dilma-rousseff-should-not-be-reelected

reproduit ci-dessous :

5 Reasons Why Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff Should Not Be Re-Elected

Over the last 20 years, Brazil has undergone a huge social and economic transformation that culminated with the country lifting tens of millions of people out of extreme poverty and reaching seventh place among the world’s largest economies. Such transformations began to take place during the government of former president Fernando Henrique Cardoso, who was elected in 1994 (and previously acted as Brazil’s Finance Minister) and is arguably credited with laying the groundwork that put Brazil’s hyperinflation to bed, though often at the neglect of social problems.

Cardoso was elected for a second term in 1998, during which he adopted a critical position to maintaining the fundamentals of monetary stability, especially after the 1997 crisis erupted. Then in 2002, former metalworker and trade unionist Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva was elected with the promise of governing for the people, but keeping the principles and achievements of his predecessor’s government, which earned him the confidence from investors and the global markets. Helped by a positive global economic scenario, Lula da Silva’s share in turning Brazil into a booming, world-class economy is unquestionable.

Dilma Rousseff (PHOTO: Ueslei Marcelino/Reuters)

As Cardoso, he served two terms as president, and left office in 2010 after playing a major role in successfully electing his sidekick, Brazil’s current president Dilma Rousseff. A technocrat who had never before occupied elective office and with no impressive resume except a history of fighting against the dictatorship in Brazil’s so-called “Years of Lead,” Rousseff’s task was to continue and expand the achievements of both Cardoso’s and Lula da Silva’s governments, and keeping Brazil on track toward growth with income distribution.

Under Rousseff, though, Brazil went from booming to gloomy, with its economy stalling even as Latin America as a whole is growing. Investors from all the globe, who once lined up to buy a piece of the Brazilian Dream, are now looking to more attractive markets, such as Mexico (and celebrating every time she appears losing ground in polls). More recently, Brazil’s economy has slipped into a recession, the country’s annual inflation is accelerating and its outlook is deteriorating. It is as if Brazil is on its way to revisiting the past, due to a crisis bad management that are already costing the achievements of its people since the country’s re-democratization in the 1980s.

In other words, Rousseff, who is campaigning for reelection in the Brazil’s October 5 elections, failed to keep things together and put it all at risk. As if that was not enough reason for Brazilians to not vote for her, here are 10 other reasons why she should not be reelected:

1. Brazil Didn’t Grow As It Could and Should Have Under Rousseff’s Government

Not long ago, Brazil was the country of the moment, with its vibrant economy providing significant growth and jobs. As a leading exporter of agricultural and manufactured goods, as well as iron ore and services, Brazil’s economy expanded by 7.5% in 2010. It is a very different scenario now, as the country’s economy shrank by 0.6% from the first quarter to the second quarter, according to the Brazilian government’s statistics agency. It is the first time in five years that the economy has retracted. The drop was bigger that what most economists were expecting, and was mostly caused by a 5.3% dip in investment, although government spending also fell. Consumer spending also remained weak, increasing by just 0.25% in the second quarter, after declining 0.2% in the first quarter. Despite the tourism attracted by the FIFA World Cup, Brazil’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product, the measure of all goods and services produced) shrank 0.9% in the second quarter when compared with the same period a year ago. The Index of Economic Activity, as measured by Brazil’s Central Bank, dropped 1.5% in June from May, the fifth consecutive monthly negative result and the worst since summer 2013. It’s the first time Brazil’s economy contracted for two straight quarters since the aftermath of the global financial crisis in 2008.

And even though Rousseff says the weak economic performance of her government is to blame in a globally inospitable scenario for investors, numbers prove her wrong. By the end of her term this year, Brazil’s growth under Rousseff is expected to be two percentage points lower than Latin America’s overall growth between 2010-2014. It will be the first time in 20 years that Brazil was left eating its neighbors’ dust – during both Cardoso and Lula da Silva’s government, the country grew at the same rate registered for Latin America.

If we are to consider the world economy during the period, which grew 3.9% in 2011, 3% between 2012 and 2013, and should hit the mark of 3.6% this year, Brazil grew by a modest 1.7% during Rousseff’s years. That’s way behind than the growth registered in Chile (4.1%), Colombia (4%) and Peru (5.6%) between 2008 and 2013. By the way, Morgan Stanley sees Brazil’s GDP going negative in the first half of 2015, contracting -0.4%. Moody’s yesterday changed its outlook to Brazil to negative from stable citing “a sustained reduction in Brazil’s economic growth, which shows little sign of a return to potential in the near term;” “a marked deterioration in investor sentiment which has negatively impacted fixed capital formation in Brazil;” and “fiscal challenges these economic headwinds pose, impeding the reversal of the upward trend in government debt indicators.”

2. Brazil’s Largest Company, State-Controlled Oil Giant Petrobras, Is Being Seriously Damaged By Rousseff

The number one propaganda success of Brazil’s outlawed Communist Party was the slogan O Petroleo e Nosso (The Oil Is Ours). A product of the-oil-is-ours nationalism was Brazil’s 1953 law, which set up an oil monopoly, Petrobras. Ever since then, the company become a symbol of nationalism and pride for many Brazilians. It gained on new force in 1997, when then president Cardoso declared the end of the state monopoly and opened the company up to local and foreign private investment. Then in 2007 Petrobras discovered massive offshore oil reserves 180 km from the coast and 7,000 km below sea level, under a thick layer of salt. It was the proof that “God is indeed Brazilian,” as former president Lula da Silva excitedly said at the time. But the truth is Petrobras is neither the people’s nor God’s — it was taken by Lula da Silva’s and Rousseff’s Workers’ Party (PT) as soon as they ascended to power in 2002 and has been continuously used as a party machine at the expense of taxpayers’ money. The latest political scandal in Brazil originated within the walls of Petrobras, and involves allegations of bribery in a multi-billion dollar corruption scheme. A congressional inquiry into the company’s activities has already been called, after one of its former executives turned into whistleblower made an arrangement with authorities to give information on government allies’ allegedly receiving kickbacks on contracts in exchange for a lighter sentence.

Petrobras’ finances under PT are anything but disappointing. Today the company has a market capitalization of about $119 billion (it must be said the company has regained value recently mostly on the prospect that Rousseff could lose the October elections). That’s way below the $190 billion it was worth four years ago, when oil prices hit an all-time high and it had just announced its oil discoveries in the pre-salt. Petrobras reported a decline in net income of 26.7% to $2.2 billion owing to increasing financing costs. Its net debt is expected to rise to $117.2 billion by end of 2014 compared to $94.7 billion reported last year. As result, Petrobras investment-grade is now under question. Citing the increasing debt load, Moody’s downgraded the Petrobras’ debt last October to Baa1, the third-lowest investment grade rating offered by the credit agency.

Petrobras has long being used by Lula da Silva and Rousseff and a factory hunger jobs. Those are faithful and necessary for the government, are awarded jobs at the oil behemoth, as well as lucrative (and, sometimes, suspicious) contracts. That has deteriorated Petrobras’ potential, as some of its top executives are there simply because of their political connections. The company is being used by the government as a way to control inflation, by holding up increases in the pricing of oil and aggregates, which generated a loss of $20 billion to the company in 2013, according to Folha de S. Paulo newspaper. Petrobras erratic investments include the 2006 acquisition of Pasadena Refining System Inc., for which the company reportedly paid $1.25 billion, or 20 times the true value of the Pasadena, Texas-based refinery. The deal is currently being probed by Brazilian authorities.

The irony on this case came in the form of the only logical solution for the Petrobras imbroglio, suggested by the unlikeliest of presidential candidates, the Social Christian Party member and preacher known as Pastor Everaldo. “If I win, Petrobras will be privatized. It is the only way to end corruption there and from within the company,” he said during an interview aired by TV Globo last month. Recent polls show that Christian fundamentalist Everaldo would get only 1% of the vote.

3. Rousseff’s Approach To Keep Inflation High In Order To Keep Jobs Is Questionable

That has been a long debate among analysts. The consensus, though, is that inflation and low unemployment may work when there is growth in the economy, which is not happening in Brazil. As Roberto Altenhofen, a partner at Empiricus Reseach, recently pointed in an article, since the 1976 argument of Robert Lucas (which became known as “Lucas critique”), economists began to incorporate the idea that the trade-off between inflation and unemployment exists only in the vert short term. “When working with a systematically higher inflation, we quickly return to a new equilibrium, with higher levels of prices and the same level employment,” Altenhofen wrote.

Inflation in Brazil has worsened due to the fact that over the years wages have risen at a steady clip and corporate profits have declined. For Rousseff the solution would be to raise interest rates, tighten Brazil’s fiscal policy and allow prices to adjust, accelerating inflation before the situation normalizes. That’s not an easy task, as consumption represents the largest part of the country’s economy — 63%. For a populist governant such as Rousseff, it sounds like a harsh medicine that the patient, as much as he needs to, will not have access to it.

4. Brazil’s Public Debt Keeps Growing, And National Savings Are Still Low

Brazil’s public debt is still relatively low ($951.4 billion in July), at 35%. But it is growing. The federal budget is constantly in deficit, and Rousseff has committed to meet a primary surplus target of 1.9% of GDP this year and 2% next year, should she be reelected. In the first six months of the year, the primary surplus hit R$ 29.4 billion, the lowest sum in history. The nominal deficit has hit 4% of the GDP, flirting with increased debt, higher taxes and more inflation ahead. After taking power in 2010, Rousseff concentrated all her work o the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC), which was created by Lula da Silva. The $225 billion plan to promote development through housing, sanitation and every, and transportation, is still mostly on paper. Many projects are mired in controversy and cost overruns. Many others are delayed and, in all of them, fiscal pressures keep pouring in.

Brazil is not a great saver either, having only about 13% of its GDP in savings, well below China’s mark of 51% and Russia’s 30%. In order to keep costs afloat, the government has recurred to privatizations, especially of new roads and railways, airports and ports projects. But the biggest problem, though, is what Rousseff’s opponents call swelling of public administration. Rousseff’s government has a total of 39 ministries aiding her, many with no significant function. Currently, there are nearly 2 million government employees, many of whom getting paid generous salaries. Both Aecio Neves and Marina Silva, who are disputing the presidency with Rousseff, have said they would halve the ministries. Neves, who is third in polls, went as far as to say he would dismiss a third of the government employees.

Brazil’s government swallowing causes inefficiency and corruption, bureaucracy and is responsible for a byzantine tax system. Last March, Standard & Poor’s downgraded Brazil for the first time in a decade citing Rousseff’s sluggish economic and expansionary fiscal policies, which the agency believes are fueling an increase in debt levels.

5. Rousseff Didn’t Promote The Changes Required To Make The Lives Of Brazilians, Especially The Poorest, Better

PT has long proclaimed itself as the party whose mission is to defend the poor and socially excluded, by promoting the changes that could ultimately make their lives better. That has not been the case during Rousseff’s government. One of the reasons, only to keep it recent, is the return of the ghost of inflation. It has been scaring Brazilians since the 1970s, when it was relatively stable, and began rising in the early 1980s until it accelerated uncontrollably to reach hyperinflation status after 1985. The problem was tackled by Cardoso in the early 1990s, thanks to a reform package that included the creation of the Brazilian real and stipulated measures to maintain the economy in balance. Such measures were embraced by Lula da Silva during his two terms as Brazil’s president, when he stood still by PT’s mission in regards to workers.

On the other hand, Rousseff doesn’t seem to have made her homework. According to a 2012 survey, the PNAD (Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilios), Brazil’s income inequality improved continuously from 2002 through the next decade. Based on the Gini coefficient, a statistical dispersion measurement that ranks income distribution on a scale between 0 and 1, income distribution in Brazil stopped getting betters i 2012. At the same time, the income generated by the richest 1% of the population and the poorest 50% increased 50% from 0.66 to 0.69, which implies that Rousseff’s government broke a string of 10 years of progress in income distribution in Brazil. In a related topic, during Rousseff’s government the number of illiterates grew for the first time in 15 years, a personal defeat for her and Lula da Silva, who have both famously promised to eradicate illiteracy in Brazil, which is primordial for promoting income equality.

“Brazil’s current heterodox economic policy is not growing the cake and is ot dividing it equally either,” Altenhofen wrote. “The economic growth under Rousseff was the lowest since president Floriano Peixoto, whose government ended in 1894.”

Simply put, not only is Brazil not growing but it also reduced its income distribution.

Rousseff, who is campaigning and acting as Brazil’s president simultaneously, already signaled she will change her economic team in case the wins the October elections. The sentiment is, however, the time for promises is behind her. There’s no doubt about Rousseff’s importance for Brazil, as the first woman who won an election to be president years after being tortured by the dictatorship for her left-wing activities in the 1970s. But politicians, especially those elected for public office, should be evaluated by the deeds they accomplish once they put themselves up for a job, and by how their actions will positively affect the majority of people, and not by what they say or want.

Rousseff seems like someone who wants the best for Brazil, but her country will be better off once she is gone.

CORRUPTION au sommet de l’Etat : 62 politiques de la majorité présidentielle touchés !

Un méga scandale de corruption éclabousse la coalition au pouvoir au Brésil

En pleine campagne électorale, la coalition de gauche au pouvoir au Brésil est éclaboussée par une affaire de corruption liée à la compagnie pétrolière Petrobras.

Les 6 questions auxquelles Dilma Rousseff a refusé de répondre

Globo réalise une série d’entretiens avec les candidats à l’élection présidentielle.

La candidate Marina Silva (PSB) a été interrogée lundi. Aécio Neves (PSDB) devrait l’être mercredi. Mais Dilma Rousseff (PT), candidate à sa sucession, a refusé de répondre aux questions de Globo.

Voici les 6 questions refusées par Madame Rousseff :

1. Os últimos índices oficiais de crescimento indicam que o país entrou em recessão técnica. A senhora ainda insiste em culpar a crise internacional, mesmo diante do fato de que muitos países comparáveis ao nosso estão crescendo mais?

Les derniers indices officiels montrent que le pays est entré en récession technique. Continuez-vous à affirmer que le coupable est la crise internationale, même si d’autres pays comparables au notre sont en croissance ?

2. A senhora continuará a represar os preços da gasolina e do diesel artificialmente para segurar a inflação, com prejuízo para a Petrobras?

Continuerez-vous à plafonner le prix de l’essence et du diesel pour limiter l’inflation, avec un préjudice pour Petrobras ?

3. A forma como é feita a contabilidade dos gastos públicos no Brasil, no seu governo, tem sido criticada por economistas, dentro e fora do país, e apontada como fator de quebra de confiança. Como a senhora responde a isso?

La manière dont sont présentés les comptes publics du Brésil par votre gouvernement est critiquée par des économistes, au Brésil et à l’étranger, et présenté comme l’un des facteurs du manque de confiance. Que répondez-vous à celà ?

4. A senhora prometeu investir R$ 34 bilhões em saneamento básico e abastecimento de água até o fim do mandato. No fim do ano passado, tinha investido menos da metade, segundo o Ministério das Cidades. O que deu errado?

Vous aviez promis d’investir 34 milliards de Reais en assainissement et adduction d’eau d’ici la fin du mandat. A la fin de l’année dernière, vous aviez investi moins de la moitié, selon le Ministère des Villes. Pourquoi ?

5. Em 2002, o então candidato Lula prometeu erradicar o analfabetismo, mas não conseguiu. Em 2010, foi a vez da senhora, em campanha, fazer a mesma promessa. Mas foi durante o seu mandato que o índice aumentou pela primeira vez, depois de quinze anos. Por quê?

En 2002, le candidat Lula avait promis d’erradiquer l’analphabétisme, mais il n’a pas réussi. En 2012, vous aviez alors fait la même promesse durant votre campagne. Néanmoins, ce fût durant votre mandat que l’indice augmenta pour la première fois en quinze ans. Pourquoi ?

6. A senhora considera correto dar dentes postiços para uma cidadã pobre, um pouco antes de ser feita com ela uma gravação do seu programa eleitoral de televisão?

Trouvez-vous normal de donner de fausses dents à une pauvre citoyenne, un peu avant l’enregistrement d’une émission de télévision destinée à votre programme électoral ?

 

Vous remarquerez que le dernière question porte sur un sujet d’actualité qui est aussi français : les « sans-dents » #sansdents !!!!

Débat Présidentiel : Marina Silva a le dessus sur la Présidente Dilma Rousseff

C’est chaud de chaud pour Dilma : Marina Silva, son ex-collègue ministérielle sous Lula et candidate du PSB aux élections présidentielles d’octobre, est non seulement en tête dans tous les sondages au second tour avec 10 points d’avance sur la Présidente actuelle, mais en plus, elle a le dessus dans les débats en particulier dans le second débat de lundi soir.

Extraits :

Dilma perdu dans les règles du débat : « Que je sache, il ne peut pas me poser de question, selon les règles », « Si,si » rétorque le modérateur

Dilma ne reconnaissant pas la récession du Brésil au 1er semestre : « Nous ne sommes pas en récession. Parce que le marché de la consommation augmente en raison de l’augmentation de l’emploi et des salaires. »

De son côté, Marina Silva s’est montrée d’un calme olympien, accusant son adversaire : « Depuis le dernier débat, la présidente ne parvient pas à faire une chose essentielle pour qui prétend à un second mandat et qui est de reconnaître ses erreurs. Mme Rousseff a été élue en assurant qu’elle allait contrôler l’inflation, maintenir la croissance du pays et baisser les taux d’intérêts. Aujourd’hui, nous avons une inflation haute, une faible croissance et des taux élevés.« 

Et Marina de rajouter : « Il est fondamental que chaque Brésilien et Brésilienne ne perde pas espoir, assène Marina Silva. En ce moment, on essaie de vous faire peur. Moi, je dis que je ne suis ni pessimiste, ni optimiste. Je suis persistante. ».

Marina Silva a affirmé qu’elle financerait son projet en mettant fin au « gaspillage des dépenses publiques ». Avant de conclure sur son projet de « troisième voie », qui repose sur les « conquêtes économiques de [l’ancien président] Fernando Henrique Cardoso et des conquêtes sociales de Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva », son successeur.

Aécio Neves, le troisième candidat (PSDB), a aussi critiqué Dilma : « « Nous avons entendu la Présidente dire dans le dernier duel qu’on ne devait pas se soucier de l’inflation. Depuis lors, nous avons appris que le Brésil est en récession. »

 

Dilma Rousseff (PT), Marina Silva (PSB) e Aécio Neves (PSDB)
De gauche à droite, les 3 candidats à la présidentielle, Dilma Rousseff, Marina Silva et Aecio Neves.